HOPE Report 2004-11-04
Program No.16 (Joint research)
Name: Goro Hanya
Occupation: Post-doctoral research fellow of JSPS, Primate Research
Institute, Kyoto University
The title: Observation of colonies for Barbary macaques and comparative
studies with Japanese macaques
Place of visit: Salem (Germany), Rennes (France), Apeldoorn
(Netherlands), Zurich (Switzerland), Gibraltar (UK)
Period of visit: 4 October, 2004 - 27 October, 2004
Contents of research:
Japanese macaque is one of the few temperate primates. Ecological studies
of this species are important to clarify how primates, originally
distributed only in tropical regions, adapted to temperate regions.
Although macaques are widely distributed in the temperate regions of East
Asia, they have gone extinct in Europe until the middle Pleistocene and
only one species, Barbary macaque, is distributed in North Africa as a
relic species. Barbary macaques has separated from Asian macaques several
millions years ago and have evolved independently afterwards. To reveal
the ecological adaptations of temperate macaques, comparisons between
Barbary macaques, which are the only surviving species in the western
Eurasia, and Japanese macaques, which are most intensively studied among
eastern Eurasia macaques.
Most of the studies of wild Barbary macaques have been conducted by
European researchers. There is a free-ranging population of Barbary
macaques in Gibraltar and there are large enclosures in Germany and
France. I visited these places and examined the possibilities of
comparative collaborative studies between Barbary and Japanese macaques.
I visited Rennes University in France. I made a lecture on my studies
of Japanese macaques for graduate and undergraduate students. I discussed
with Dr. Nelly Menard about the comparative studies, and we agreed that we
are going to compare their diet and habitat.
I visited the Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society and
observed free-ranging Barbary macaques in Gibraltar. Almost one million
tourists visit Gibraltar and watch macaques here annually. Currently there
is no way to control the behavior of tourists, so interactions between
macaques and tourists cause many problems.
I visited 'Affenberg Salem' in Germany and Apenheul Primate Park in
Netherlands to observe Barbary macaques living in outdoor encloses.
I visited Prof. Carel van Schaik at Zurich University and made
presentations on my studies of Japanese macaques at his laboratory's
Barbary macaque in Affenberg Salem, Germany
Walking trail for toursits in Affenberg Salem, Germany
Barbary macaque in Gibraltar with African mountains in the background
Tourists watching Barbary macaques in Gibraltar