PWS Asura International Seminar
Conservation in Kibale National Park
October 11th (Wed) 15:30-17:30 @Seminar Room, Wildlife Research Centre, Kyoto
Kibale National Park in Uganda protects the highest primate biomass on earth,
and is one of the world's longest running biological and ecological field
research stations. Our long-term datasets - some over fifty years long - on
plant and animal populations in Kibale provide a unique and valuable perspective
on the patterns and processes within protected areas. We will discuss the
history of the protection of Kibale, its research programs, and researcher
efforts to implement applied conservation strategies, past, present and future.
Prof. Colin Chapman (McGill University) visiting prof.
Climate Change, Primate Conservation, and the Value of Long-term Research
The earth's climate has warmed significantly as the result of human actions.
Projections vary considerably; however, it is estimated that 75% of all tropical
forests present in 2000 will experience temperatures that are higher than that
presently supporting closed canopy forests by 2100. Even today, our long-term
research site in Africa (Kibale National Park, Uganda) has experienced a
temperature rise of 4бы C in the last 50 years and a 300 mm increase in annual
rainfall. Such changes in climate along with deforestation has isolated many
endangered species to areas that may become unsuitable with global warming. Here
we provide data from Kibale that reaches back up to 50 years ago to illustrate
changes that the primate community has faced. We quantify changes in the
abundance and nutritional quality of primate foods, in plant phenological
patterns, the species composition of the forest, and the diseases that primates
acquire that all may be influenced by climate change and, of course, other
interacting factors. Yet despite, such changes, the primate community appears to
be remarkably resilient. We discuss the nature of the complex responses to
climate change and the value of long-term data in making appropriate
conservation and management plans.
Dr. Kim Valenta (McGill University)
Reducing human-wildlife conflict to aid conservation
One of the main problems conservationists face is human-wildlife conflict. It is
very difficult to convince people of the need to conserve species that they
perceive as pests. Throughout East Africa, one of the major players in
human-wildlife conflict are elephants, who raid farms, and can destroy a
family's livelihood in a matter of minutes. I will discuss the many initiatives
implemented in Kibale National Park, and throughout East Africa, to mitigate
human-elephant conflict, as well as discuss a new conservation program that our
team is currently in the midst of developing.
Dr. Sarah Bortolamiol (McGill University)
Combining scientific and tradtional knowledge to enhance wildlife
conservation around Kibale National Park, Uganda
The integration of local communities within protected areas management is a
widely accepted approach to improve the effectiveness of conservation efforts.
Despite this acceptance, plans that are put into action are often too broad to
match places, uses, and traditions of local communities. In the northern part of
Kibale National Park (Uganda), we investigated local spiritual believes,
activities forbidden by the park for wildlife conservation, animal protein
consumption, bee hive fences and chimpanzee awarness program effectiveness. The
combination of scientific and traditional knowledge can enhance wildlife
conservation. Such analysis helps drawing park's management and contribute to
the understanding of human-wildlife relationships in the context of African
tropical forests being surrounded by high densities of human population.
Prof. Collin Chapman is the visiting professor Kyoto University Institute for
Advanced Study (KUIAS), This seminar is jointly supported by the Leading
Graduate Program in Primatology and Wildlife Science, Kyoto University (PWS),
Primate Research Institute (PRI), and Chubu University Academy of Emerging