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Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University
Unique evolution of heterochromatin and alpha satellite DNA in small apes.
In Reichard UH, Hirai H, Barelli C (eds.), Evolution of gibbons and siamag: Phylogeny, Morphology, and Cognition, 2016, Springer
Akihiko Koga and Hirohisa Hirai
Complex differentiation in the chromosome structure is one of the remarkable features of small apes: their chromosome alteration rate is estimated to be 20 times higher than the average rate of alterations in humans, great apes, and other mammals, excluding rodents (Burt et al. 1999; Misceo et al. 2008). To clarify the respective rearrangement events that have occurred in the history of small apes, the availability of appropriate markers for chromosomal segments is needed. Superior markers would be those present in all species but different in the chromosomal location among species. Alpha satellite DNA fulfills these requirements.
Evolution of gibbons and siamag: Phylogeny, Morphology, and Cognition, 2016, Springer
2016/09/16 Primate Research Institute